Common Orthodontics Problems and How They Can Be Fixed

March 28, 2024

Taking care of our teeth and jaws is very important for our health and how we feel about ourselves. When our teeth or jaws are not in the right place, it can cause problems. These problems are called orthodontic problems. They can make it hard to keep our teeth clean, eat properly, or speak clearly. 

Luckily, dentists and orthodontists have many ways to fix these issues. There are different treatments available, like braces or clear aligners, that can help make our teeth straight and look better. 

In this blog, we talk about the common issues people have with their teeth and jaws and how these can be fixed today. We want everyone to know that there are good options out there for making their smile healthier and straighter.

What are Orthodontic Problems?

Orthodontic problems refer to a variety of conditions that affect the alignment of the teeth and jaw. These issues can range from simple cosmetic concerns to more complex conditions that impact oral health and the functionality of the mouth. 

Common types of orthodontic problems include misaligned teeth, crowding, spacing issues, overbites, underbites, and crossbites. 

Each of these conditions can interfere with the proper cleaning of teeth, leading to an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease. Furthermore, misalignments can cause difficulties in chewing and speaking, and may lead to jaw pain and other TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorders.

Orthodontic problems can arise due to several factors, including genetics, early loss of baby or adult teeth, improper fit of dental restorations, or habits such as thumb-sucking in childhood. 

Regardless of the cause, addressing these issues is crucial for maintaining oral health, ensuring proper function, and improving aesthetic appearance. 

Modern orthodontic treatments offer a range of solutions tailored to the specific needs and preferences of each patient, aiming to correct these malocclusions and bring about a balanced, healthy bite.

Common Orthodontic Problems

Orthodontic problems encompass a range of issues affecting the alignment of teeth and jaws. 

Understanding these common problems not only involves identifying them but also comprehending their underlying causes, which can be genetic, environmental, or due to certain habits. 

Here’s an in-depth look at some prevalent orthodontic issues:

Crooked Teeth

Crooked teeth are misaligned teeth that do not fit together correctly. They are often caused by genetics, insufficient space in the jaw, or the early loss of baby teeth, which allows the remaining teeth to shift into the empty spaces. 

Crooked teeth can make cleaning more difficult, leading to an increased risk of cavities and gum disease.


An overbite is a condition where the upper front teeth protrude significantly over the lower front teeth. 

It can be genetic or develop from habits like thumb-sucking or prolonged use of a bottle, which affect the natural growth of the jaw.


An underbite occurs when the lower teeth extend past the upper front teeth. It is often caused by an overgrowth of the lower jaw, undergrowth of the upper jaw, or both. Like overbites, underbites can also stem from childhood habits or genetic predisposition.

Open Bite

An open bite refers to a gap between the upper and lower teeth when the jaws are closed. This condition can result from habits such as thumb-sucking or tongue thrusting, which inhibit the teeth from developing properly.


Spacing issues involve gaps between teeth, which may be due to the size of the teeth relative to the jawbone or the loss of teeth, causing the others to spread out unevenly. These spaces can hinder effective cleaning and are often aesthetically concerning to individuals.


Crowding occurs when there is not enough space in the jaw to accommodate all the teeth. This can lead to teeth that are overlapped, twisted, or displaced. Crowding is typically caused by a discrepancy between the size of the teeth and the size of the jaw.

Addressing these orthodontic problems is crucial for both oral health and aesthetic reasons. Treatments vary depending on the severity and cause of the condition but can include braces, clear aligners, and sometimes surgery.

Diagnosis and Evaluation

The diagnosis and evaluation of orthodontic problems are critical steps in developing an effective treatment plan tailored to an individual's specific needs. 

This process begins with a comprehensive assessment conducted by an orthodontist, a specialist trained to identify and treat a wide range of orthodontic issues.

Initial Consultation: The journey towards correcting orthodontic problems starts with an initial consultation. During this appointment, the orthodontist conducts a thorough review of the patient's dental and medical history to understand any underlying conditions that could impact orthodontic treatment. This step is crucial for crafting a personalized treatment plan.

Clinical Examination: A clinical examination follows, where the orthodontist visually inspects the patient's teeth and jaw alignment. This examination helps identify any apparent orthodontic issues, such as misaligned teeth, crowding, spacing, overbites, underbites, or other irregularities affecting the bite and facial aesthetics.

Imaging Studies: To gain a detailed understanding of the patient's orthodontic condition, imaging studies such as X-rays, 3D scans, or photographs of the teeth and jaws are conducted. These images provide critical information about the positions of the teeth, the health of the bone structure, and the relationship between the jaws, facilitating a precise diagnosis.

Bite Impressions: Bite impressions, where the patient bites into a soft material, may also be taken to create an exact model of the teeth. This model aids in understanding how well the teeth from the upper and lower jaws fit together and is essential for planning specific interventions.

Treatment Planning: Armed with comprehensive diagnostic information, the orthodontist can then outline a detailed treatment plan. This plan addresses the identified orthodontic problems, detailing the recommended corrective measures, expected timeline, and any preparatory steps necessary before treatment can commence.

Solutions and Treatments

Addressing orthodontic problems effectively requires a tailored approach, as the solutions and treatments vary widely depending on the specific issues at hand. 

Modern orthodontics offers a variety of options designed to align teeth, correct bite issues, and achieve a harmonious smile. Here's a closer look at the main solutions and treatments for common orthodontic problems:

Traditional Braces

Traditional braces, consisting of metal brackets and wires, are a time-tested solution for correcting various orthodontic issues, including severe misalignments and bite problems. 

They work by applying continuous pressure to the teeth, gradually moving them into the desired position. Traditional braces are highly effective for complex cases and are customizable with colored bands for a personalized touch.

Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces function similarly to traditional metal braces but feature brackets made of a clear or tooth-colored ceramic material, making them less noticeable. 

They offer a more aesthetic option for patients concerned about the visibility of their orthodontic treatment, without sacrificing effectiveness.

Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are another discreet treatment option, with brackets and wires placed on the backside of the teeth, hidden from view. 

They are ideal for patients seeking an invisible solution to correct their orthodontic issues, although they may require a longer adjustment period for comfort and speech.

Clear Aligners

Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, represent a revolutionary approach to orthodontic correction. These custom-made, transparent plastic trays are nearly invisible when worn and can be removed for eating and cleaning. 

Clear aligners are best suited for mild to moderate alignment issues and offer the convenience of minimal impact on daily life.

Palatal Expanders

For patients with a narrow upper jaw or crowded teeth, palatal expanders can be used to widen the upper jaw, providing the necessary space for teeth to move into better positions. This device is most effective in younger patients whose jawbones are still developing.

Orthodontic Surgery

In cases of severe misalignment or skeletal discrepancies affecting the jaw, orthodontic surgery may be necessary. Surgical options can correct jaw positioning, improve facial aesthetics, and function, and are usually followed by traditional orthodontic treatments to refine teeth alignment.


After the completion of active orthodontic treatment, retainers are essential for maintaining the new position of the teeth. They prevent teeth from shifting back to their original positions, ensuring long-lasting results.

Choosing the Right Orthodontist

Choosing the right orthodontist means finding someone with the right training and experience, especially in treatments that fit your needs. Look for an orthodontist who has good reviews from other patients and can show you before-and-after pictures of their work. 

During your first visit, they should explain the treatment options, how much they cost, and what you should expect. Also, make sure their office is easy to get to, they can see you at times that work for you, they accept your insurance, and offer payment plans if you need them.

Best Orthodontics Treatment in Atlanta, GA

At Quest Orthodontics, we pride ourselves on offering the best orthodontic treatment in Atlanta, GA, for both adults and children. 

Led by Dr. Arjun Patel, a board-certified orthodontist, our practice stands out for its commitment to excellence, personalized care, and the use of cutting-edge technology. 

Our achievements, including being named one of the best orthodontists in Atlanta Magazine’s Top Dentist of 2023, underscore our dedication to providing top-tier orthodontic services.

Our team is skilled in a wide range of treatments, from traditional braces to innovative solutions like Invisalign, ensuring that we can address a variety of orthodontic needs. 

Whether you're seeking treatment for yourself or your child, you can trust Quest Orthodontics to deliver outstanding results. Our qualifications speak for themselves, with Dr. Patel being recognized as a top 1% Invisalign provider in the country.

We understand the importance of choosing the right orthodontist for your family's needs. That's why we invite you to visit us for a consultation, where we'll discuss your treatment options, costs, and what you can expect during your orthodontic journey. 

Our convenient Atlanta locations, flexible scheduling, insurance acceptance, and payment plan options make it easy to access the best orthodontic care in the area.

Choose Quest Orthodontics for your orthodontic needs and take the first step towards achieving the healthy, beautiful smile you deserve.

Schedule your smile assessment today!

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